Comparative European Study on Restrictions and Disenfranchisement of Certain Civil and Political Rights After Conviction
Joint cooperation project with Aristotle University Thessaloniki
Preliminary results confirm many noteworthy differences, including the type and legal character of measures and conditions for imposition. For instance, their purpose can be punitive or preventive, administrative, or 'sui generis'. Even soft law and informal ethical rules can have impact. Relevant non-penal regulations include electoral rules, family law, immigration law, or business and labor law. Besides barring public positions, access to private businesses may be denied, or business permits revoked. Jobs in private security businesses, banks, accounting and bookkeeping, medical services and other sectors cannot be practiced by former offenders or specified ex-offenders. In some jurisdictions they cannot get a license to run a bar or a restaurant, or work as a waiter or taxi driver. Sometimes courts or competent authorities have discretion, sometimes not. Consequences can also be automatic. Licenses to possess guns, to hunt or hold animals often depend on clean records, not to mention withdrawing a driving license, which can have the greatest impact in many countries.
From a public security law standpoint, this project engages two issues central to the Department’s research agenda. First, the normative shift from penal to public, private and commercial contexts shows increasing fragmentation of security-related regulation. Second, the pertinent regulations touch on fundamental individual rights, proportionality being a key issue to resolve. Finally, the project’s main classificatory and comparative methods reflect its two parts. First, a description of the regulatory framework. Second, a comparative sectoral analysis followed by general conclusions.
|Research outcome:||comprehensive research report (2020); journal articles and conference presentations (2020–2021)|