Dr. Timothy Barnum

Senior Researcher



The 360º Virtual Scenario research program aims to remedy some of the defects of the traditional scenario (or “vignette”) method by employing immersive 360º video. This virtual reality (VR) method is based on the assumption that the commonly used written scenarios… more


Journal Article
Barnum, T., Nagin, D. S., & Pogarsky, G. (2021). Sanction risk perceptions, coherence, and deterrence. Criminology, 2021, 1–29. doi:10.1111/1745-9125.12266
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