Al­though vic­timo­logy re­search primar­ily fo­cuses on con­ven­tion­al crimes, vic­timo­lo­gic­al chal­lenges are in­creas­ingly posed by col­lect­ive, non-con­ven­tion­al con­flicts too. This is par­tic­u­larly the case with re­gard to re­search con­cern­ing the at­ti­tudes of vic­tims who have faced such vi­ol­ence. The Second In­ti­fada (2000 – 2005), also known as the al-Aqsa In­ti­fada, of­fers an ex­ample of such col­lect­ive, non-con­ven­tion­al vi­ol­ence.
Us­ing the Second In­ti­fada, this study ex­amined the at­ti­tudes and re­sponses of Palestini­an and Is­raeli vic­tims. A three-level-mod­el was de­signed to ex­plore the vic­tims’ per­spect­ives. Al­though de­veloped for the crim­in­al con­text, the mod­el can be trans­ferred to oth­er ap­proaches. The per­spect­ives of the Is­raeli and Palestini­an vic­tims were com­pared and clear dif­fer­ences were found between the at­ti­tudes of the two groups. It was con­cluded that so­cio-cul­tur­al and polit­ic­al factors are highly in­flu­en­tial in form­ing vic­tim at­ti­tudes in non-con­ven­tion­al con­flicts.