The pro­ject en­titled "New Ap­proaches in In­ter­na­tion­al Crim­in­al Justice" fo­cusses on the new mod­els and forms of supra­na­tion­al pro­sec­u­tion of ser­i­ous in­ter­na­tion­al crimes (gen­o­cide, crimes against hu­man­ity and war crimes) in post-con­flict situ­ations as re­cently de­veloped and im­ple­men­ted by the in­ter­na­tion­al com­munity in ad­di­tion to the dir­ect es­tab­lish­ment of in­ter­na­tion­al crim­in­al tribunals by the UN Se­cur­ity Coun­cil on the basis of chapter VII of the UN Charter (In­ter­na­tion­al Crim­in­al Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda). These new ap­proaches provide for pro­sec­u­tion either with­in the frame­work of a UN Trans­ition­al Ad­min­is­tra­tion (Kosovo & East Timor) or on the basis of a bi­lat­er­al agree­ment between the UN and the af­fected State (Si­erra Le­one & Cam­bod­ia).

The pro­ject, product of vari­ous con­ver­sa­tions between the Of­fice of the Pro­sec­utor Gen­er­al of UN­TAET in East Timor and the Max Planck In­sti­tute, fur­ther ex­plores these new mod­els in in­ter­na­tion­al crim­in­al justice by ex­amin­ing the situ­ation in the coun­tries af­fected by means of an in­ter­dis­cip­lin­ary and two-tiered ap­proach: "back­ground pa­pers" ex­plain the his­tor­ic­al and polit­ic­al con­text of the con­flict; "leg­al pa­pers" ana­lyse the leg­al frame­work es­tab­lished to pro­sec­ute the in­ter­na­tion­al crimes com­mit­ted in the coun­tries ex­amined.