Research questions concern: How did the Internet become a social control mechanism? How is social control on the Internet carried out? Results of this research will allow recommendations with respect to the regulation of informal shaming sanctions. The study is based on criminological and legal approaches.

Today, vari­ous cases in­dic­ate that In­ter­net and so­cial me­dia provide its users with new pos­sib­il­it­ies to ex­ert in­form­al so­cial con­trol upon oth­ers. The in­ter­net and so­cial me­dia have brought sig­ni­fic­ant changes in the way in­form­al so­cial con­trol is car­ried out and in par­tic­u­lar in the way in­form­al sanc­tions and pun­ish­ments are im­posed.

This study will fo­cus on changes and the re­la­tion­ship between in­form­al so­cial con­trol and so­cial me­dia (and the in­ter­net), ana­lyze how on­line pub­lic sham­ing is car­ried out on and through the in­ter­net, as­sess its con­sequences and dis­cuss the norm­at­ive ques­tions com­ing with these changes. The dis­ser­ta­tion aims also at com­par­ing on­line pub­lic sham­ing with oth­er sim­il­ar, and/or some­times over­lap­ping, phe­nom­ena, such as cy­ber­bul­ly­ing and cy­ber har­ass­ment, filling the gap in the ex­ist­ing lit­er­at­ure in terms of In­ter­net based mech­an­isms of in­form­al so­cial con­trol, de­term­in­ing the reas­ons for par­ti­cip­a­tion of so­cial me­dia users in on­line so­cial con­trol, and provid­ing an as­sess­ment of the ef­fi­ciency of in­form­al con­trol on the in­ter­net in terms of pre­ven­tion of crime.