Due to the reconceptualization of rape and other sexual offenses as violations of the victim’s sexual autonomy and in view of the obligations arising from international and regional human rights law, more and more European legal systems are revising their understanding of sexual offenses to reflect the victim’s consent. The wind of change has reached Switzerland, too.
The introduction of a consent-based definition of rape is currently a subject of discussion in Switzerland. Like the criminal laws of many other countries, the Swiss Criminal Code still defines rape as “coerced sexual intercourse” involving either violence, threats, or psychological pressure. Until today, the ignoring of the victim’s explicit “no,” without more, is not sufficient to establish the definitional elements of the sexual offense of rape.
The aim of the project is to monitor closely the progress of the reform process and to examine and discuss the reform proposals in Switzerland. Furthermore, a response to the consultation process (a key element of Switzerland's legislative system) will be developed and submitted to the Swiss Federal Department of Justice and Police.
Expected outcome: Scientific articles; participation in the consultation process.
Department: Criminal Law Project languages: German, English Research Program Criminal Law: Sexual Autonomy and Sexual Offenses Status of project: Ongoing Project duration: Project start: 2018
- Nora Scheidegger, Das Sexualstrafrecht der Schweiz, Grundlagen und Reformbedarf (2018)
- Nora Scheidegger, Strafrechtliches Neuland: Stealthing (Urteilsanmerkung), FRI Newsletter 09/2019
- Nora Scheidegger et al., Reformbedarf im schweizerischen Sexualstrafrecht – „Egoistisch, rücksichtslos, kaltherzig“ – aber strafrechtlich nicht relevant? sui-generis 57–75 (2020) https://sui-generis.ch/article/view/sg.122/1253/.
- Kommentierung der Art. 187-200 StGB sowie 372-380a StGB in Graf Damian (Hrsg.), Annotierter Kommentar StGB, 2020
- Balancing Sexual Autonomy, Responsibility, and the Right to Privacy: Principles for Criminalizing Sex by Deception, German Law Journal, Special Issue 2021
- Reform des Sexualstrafrechts: Was bisher geschah (presumably ZStrR)