In view of current events, the intended legal basis for a European Public Prosecutor as foreseen by the Lisbon Treaty in particular, this project aims to establish the factual needs of practitioners in investigating and prosecuting crimes against the EU's interests and transnational crime facilitated by the EU. To this end, the study examines these in 18 EU member states and candidate countries. The research furthermore seeks to establish in how far the (usually third pillar) mechanisms currently available are suitable in countering the problems faced in prosecution and defence and to identify which further steps may be necessary.

Against the back­drop of the pro­posed po­ten­tial European Pub­lic Pro­sec­utor fore­seen by art­icle 86 of the Treaty of the Func­tion­ing of the EU as provided for by the Lis­bon Treaty, the EuroN­EEDS pro­ject is be­ing un­der­taken to ex­plore the need for crim­in­al justice in­sti­tu­tions and in­stru­ments at the EU level. Re­cent years have seen a num­ber of mech­an­isms de­veloped with­in the in­ter­gov­ern­ment­al third pil­lar of the EU to as­sist na­tion­al crim­in­al justice agen­cies fight­ing crime above all with­in the Schen­gen area. Giv­en the freedoms provided to cit­izens but also for the flow of goods and cap­it­al with­in the EU, ter­rit­ori­ally-bound crim­in­al justice sys­tems face chal­lenges fight­ing and pro­sec­ut­ing transna­tion­al crime. Fur­ther­more the lack of crim­in­al justice agen­cies to ef­fect­ively pro­tect its in­terests ap­par­ently leaves the bod­ies of the EU vul­ner­able to crime, in par­tic­u­lar fraud against its fin­an­cial in­terests. Con­sid­er­ing, however, that in­stru­ments such as the European Ar­rest War­rant now provide crim­in­al justice agen­cies with power­ful tools in the fight against crime, cri­ti­cism abounds that the fun­da­ment­al rights pro­tec­tion usu­ally as­so­ci­ated with crim­in­al justice is in­ad­equately provided for be­cause ad hoc solu­tions to some prob­lems are quickly im­ple­men­ted rather than a sys­tem­at­ic ap­proach to all un­der­taken.

The EuroN­EEDS pro­ject sets out to provide a clear pic­ture of what chal­lenges the European Area of Free­dom, Se­cur­ity and Justice poses to crim­in­al justice sys­tems. Above all by in­ter­view­ing rel­ev­ant prac­ti­tion­ers in 18 mem­ber states as well as in European in­sti­tu­tions, the pro­ject ex­plores which prob­lems they face, wheth­er the mech­an­isms de­veloped to counter these with­in the third pil­lar are ef­fect­ive, wheth­er solu­tions pro­posed such as the European Pub­lic Pro­sec­utor are vi­able solu­tions, or wheth­er dif­fer­ent mech­an­isms and/or in­sti­tu­tions are ne­ces­sary. By fo­cus­sing also upon pro­ced­ur­al rights is­sues and ques­tions of de­fence par­ti­cip­a­tion, the study takes a com­pre­hens­ive ap­proach to stock-tak­ing the cur­rent state and the fu­ture needs of crim­in­al justice at the European level.

The study was co-fun­ded by the Her­cule pro­gramme of the European Com­mis­sion.

List of part­ners

Aus­triaIn­sti­tut für Stra­frecht und Krim­in­o­lo­gie,
Fak­ultät für Recht­swis­senschaften,
Uni­versität Wien
Dr. Robert Kert
Bel­gi­umSub­sti­tut du pro­cureur généralMr. Patrick De Wolf
Croa­tiaFac­ulty of Law, Uni­versity of ZagrebProf. Dr. Zlata Durdevic
Czech Re­pub­licFac­ulty of Law, Mas­aryk Uni­versityProf. Jaroslav Fenyk
Den­markDe­part­ment of Law,
Uni­versity of South­ern Den­mark
Lekt­or, Dr. jur. Birgit Feldtmann
Es­to­niaFac­ulty of Law, Uni­versity of TartuProf. Jaan Ginter
Fin­landUni­versity of Joen­suuDr. Jussi Ohis­alo,
Prof. Matti Tolvan­en
Ger­manyMax Planck In­sti­tute for For­eign and In­ter­na­tion­al Crim­in­al LawDr. Mari­anne Wade
GreeceIn­sti­tute of Ad­vanced Leg­al Stud­ies,
Uni­versity of Lon­don
Dr. Helen Xanthaki
Hun­garyIn­sti­tute of Crim­in­al Justice,
Fac­ulty of Law, Uni­versity of Miskolc
Prof. Dr. Ákos Far­kas
ItalyUni­versity of CataniaProf. Dr. Ros­ar­ia Sicurella,
Va­ler­ia Scalia
Lux­em­bourgUni­versité du Lux­em­bourgProf. Dr. Stefan Braum
Neth­er­landsFac­ulteit Recht, Eco­nomie, Be­stuur en Or­gan­isa­tie, Uni­versity of UtrechtDr. Michiel Lucht­man
Po­landJa­gi­el­lo­ni­an Uni­versity of KrakowDr. Adam Gor­ski
Slov­akiaGen­er­al Pro­sec­utor’s Of­fice of the Slov­ak Re­pub­licAnna On­dre­jova
SpainUni­ver­sid­ad Com­plutense de Mad­ridProf. Dr. Lorena Bach­mei­er-Winter
SwedenFac­ulty of Law, Uni­versity of ÖrebroProf. Dr. Josef Zila
United King­domPres­id­ent of the As­so­ci­ation
to Com­bat Fraud in Europe
Tri­cia Howse