The ma­jor goal of this study is to ad­vance the un­der­stand­ing of struc­tur­al con­di­tions and so­cial pro­cesses in re­la­tion to crime prob­lems in urb­an neigh­bor­hoods in a lon­git­ud­in­al per­spect­ive. Res­id­ents’ sub­ject­ive per­cep­tions of dis­order and crime as well as col­lect­ive so­cial cap­it­al are key mech­an­isms in the com­plex so­cial pro­cesses shap­ing the de­vel­op­ment of neigh­bor­hoods. This pro­ject con­sti­tutes phase 2 of a long-term study of 140 neigh­bor­hoods in Co­logne and Es­sen, two large cit­ies in North Rhine-West­phalia with high levels of eth­nic di­versity.

After two sur­vey waves in 2014 and 2015, a third wave of a mail sur­vey in the se­lec­ted neigh­bor­hoods is planned for 2020. Sur­vey data will be matched to neigh­bor­hood so­ciodemo­graph­ic and crime data with the aim to study the dy­nam­ics of neigh­bor­hood de­vel­op­ment. The ana­lyses fo­cus on fear of crime, dis­order per­cep­tions, col­lect­ive ef­fic­acy and in­tereth­nic re­la­tions, and their re­cip­roc­al as­so­ci­ations with struc­tur­al neigh­bor­hood de­vel­op­ment.

For more in­form­a­tion on phase 1 of this pro­ject, see pro­ject SENSIKO.