This research project is an expert's report on criminal appeals on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Justice. It aims to show the practice and efficiency of the German system in comparison to other legal systems throughout the world. The political background are numerous reform projects by the Bundesrat, the House of the Federal States, and the Bundestag, the House of Parliament, as well as by the Ministry itself to speed up the administration of criminal justice, rendering criminal appeals more efficient and rational.

On the basis of stat­ist­ic­al ana­lys­is the study looks to the fre­quen­cies of crim­in­al ap­peals, the suc­cess quota of ap­pel­lants and, in terms of qual­it­at­ive re­search, the opin­ion of prac­ti­tion­ers of crim­in­al courts. The suc­cess­ful ap­peals were taken in­to a closer ex­am­in­a­tion, try­ing to eval­u­ate and stand­ard­ize the source of er­rors on the first level. The in­ter­na­tion­al com­par­is­on works out if the Ger­man stand­ard has to be judged as "lux­uri­ous" or "un­der-av­er­age". The fol­low­ing coun­tries are in­cluded in the com­par­at­ive study: Eng­land and Wales, France, Italy, Ja­pan, the Neth­er­lands, Aus­tria, Por­tugal, Sweden, the USA, and Spain. The em­pir­ic­al study of the Ger­man sys­tem was car­ried out by an rep­res­ent­at­ive ex­am­in­a­tion of 750 crim­in­al re­cords from the Fed­er­al State Baden-Wurttem­berg dat­ing of 1995. Be­sides the primary ana­lys­is a sec­ond­ary ana­lys­is of already ex­ist­ing data sets of our In­sti­tute is pur­sued.

In Feb­ru­ary 2000 the study was pub­lished in two volumes (Monika Beck­er, Jörg Kin­zig (Hrsg.): Rechts­mit­tel im Stra­frecht. Eine in­ter­na­tion­al ver­gleichende Un­ter­suchung zur Recht­swirk­lich­keit und Ef­f­iz­ienz von Rechts­mit­teln. Freiburg/Br. 2000, 2 Teil­bände, 680 + 240 Seiten, ISBN 3-86113-120-X.

The pro­ject was sup­por­ted by the Ger­man Fed­er­al Min­istry of Justice.