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Date: 30 June 2021 6 p.m. - 7:30 p.m.
Location: Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law, Günterstalstraße 73, 79100 Freiburg im Breisgau
Email: c.hillemanns@csl.mpg.de

Lecturer: Prof. Michael T. Light (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

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Meet­ing ID: 864 2123 4682
Passcode: 521082


Ab­stract:
Im­mig­ra­tion en­force­ment is in­creas­ingly de­pend­ent on loc­al crim­in­al justice au­thor­it­ies, and yet ba­sic ques­tions on the crim­in­al case pro­cessing of non-U.S. cit­izens in state and loc­al jur­is­dic­tions re­main un­answered. Lever­aging uniquely rich case in­form­a­tion on all felony ar­rests in Cali­for­nia and Texas between 2006 and 2018, this art­icle provides a de­tailed ex­am­in­a­tion of the leg­al treat­ment of non-U.S. cit­izens from book­ing through sen­ten­cing. In both states, we find that non-U.S. cit­izens ar­res­ted for the same crime and with the same pri­or re­cord are sig­ni­fic­antly more likely to be con­victed and in­car­cer­ated than U.S. cit­izens. These un­ex­plained cit­izen­ship gaps of­ten ex­ceed the ob­served dis­par­it­ies between white and minor­ity de­fend­ants, but the res­ults were not identic­al in both states. In line with the more ri­gid views to­wards mi­grant crimin­al­ity in Texas, the case pro­cessing of for­eign na­tion­als is not­ably more severe there than in Cali­for­nia at nearly every key de­cision point. These find­ings sug­gest that even in loc­al crim­in­al justice set­tings, cit­izen­ship is a unique and con­sequen­tial ax­is of con­tem­por­ary leg­al in­equal­ity.
In col­lab­or­a­tion with Jason P. Robey, Jungmy­ung Kim.