Admissibility of Electronic Evidence in Criminal Proceedings © Roger Koeppe

Lorena Bachmaier Winter, professor of Justice Systems at the Universidad Complutense in Madrid and long-standing guest researcher at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law, has been appointed by the European Law Institute (ELI) as director of an international research project on the admissibility of electronic evidence in criminal proceedings in the European Union. This makes her the first Spanish woman and currently the only woman to head an ELI project.


Lorena Bachmaier Winter heads a team of professors, public prosecutors, judges, and lawyers from all over Europe. The goal of their cooperation efforts is to develop rules and standards for the exclusion of evidence, with a special focus on electronic evidence. The results will serve as a basis for legislation at the level of the European Union.

The ELI, based in Vienna, is one of the most renowned European law research initiatives. Founded in 2011, the Institute is similar in its functioning to the American Law Institute, founded in 1923, which has contributed to such texts as the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights in the past.

In 2002 and 2003, Lorena Bachmaier Winter was a Humboldt Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law (at the time still called the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law). Since then, she has regularly returned to Freiburg to work on various research projects. In her own words, she feels, ”academically at home“ at the Max Planck Institute.