Oberwittler, D. (2007). Social Exclusion and Youth Crime in Europe : the Spatial Dimension. In K. Aromaa (Ed.), Penal policy, justice reform, and social exclusion : Plenary presentations held at the Fifth Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, 31 August – 3 September 2005, Krakow, Poland (pp. 27–44). Helsinki: European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control.