Van Gelder, J.-L. (2017). Dual-Process Models of Criminal Decision Making. In W. Bernasco, J.-L. Van Gelder, & H. Elffers (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making (pp. 166–180). Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199338801.013.8
This chapter discusses the application of dual-process and dual-system models to offender decision making. It is argued that these models offer a more accurate account of the decision process than the traditional choice models in criminology, such as rational choice and deterrence models, and can overcome their various limitations. Specific attention is devoted to the hot/cool perspective of criminal decision making, which takes the dual-process hypothesis as a point of departure. This model is rooted in the idea that both “cool” cognition and “hot” affect, or thinking and feeling, guide behavior and that understanding their interaction is fundamental for understanding how people make criminal choices.