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Datum: 30. Juni 2021 18:00 - 19:30
Ort: Max-Planck-Institut zur Erforschung von Kriminalität, Sicherheit und Recht, Günterstalstraße 73, 79100 Freiburg im Breisgau
Email: c.hillemanns@csl.mpg.de

Lecturer: Prof. Michael T. Light (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

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Mee­ting ID: 864 2123 4682
Pass­co­de: 521082


Ab­stract:
Im­mi­gra­ti­on en­for­ce­ment is in­cre­a­sin­gly de­pen­dent on lo­cal cri­mi­nal ju­sti­ce au­t­ho­ri­ties, and yet ba­sic ques­ti­ons on the cri­mi­nal ca­se pro­ces­sing of non-U.S. ci­ti­zens in state and lo­cal ju­ris­dic­ti­ons re­main un­ans­we­red. Le­ver­a­ging un­i­que­ly rich ca­se in­for­ma­ti­on on all fe­lony ar­rests in Ca­li­for­nia and Te­xas bet­ween 2006 and 2018, this ar­tic­le pro­vi­des a de­tai­led ex­ami­na­ti­on of the le­gal treat­ment of non-U.S. ci­ti­zens from boo­king through sen­ten­cing. In both states, we find that non-U.S. ci­ti­zens ar­res­ted for the sa­me cri­me and with the sa­me pri­or re­cord are si­gni­fi­cant­ly mo­re li­ke­ly to be con­vic­ted and in­car­ce­ra­ted than U.S. ci­ti­zens. The­se un­ex­plai­ned ci­ti­zen­ship gaps of­ten ex­ceed the ob­ser­ved dis­pa­ri­ties bet­ween whi­te and mi­no­ri­ty de­fen­dants, but the re­sults we­re not iden­ti­cal in both states. In li­ne with the mo­re ri­gid views to­wards mi­grant cri­mi­na­li­ty in Te­xas, the ca­se pro­ces­sing of for­eign na­tio­nals is no­ta­bly mo­re se­ve­re the­re than in Ca­li­for­nia at near­ly eve­ry key de­ci­si­on point. The­se fin­dings sug­gest that even in lo­cal cri­mi­nal ju­sti­ce set­tings, ci­ti­zen­ship is a un­i­que and con­se­quen­ti­al axis of con­tem­po­ra­ry le­gal in­e­qua­li­ty.
In col­la­bo­ra­ti­on with Ja­son P. Ro­bey, Jung­myung Kim.